GDPR Data Privacy Audit Small Companies
Organizations of all types and sizes that handle European Union (EU) citizen's (personal) data must comply with the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). When companies are checked if they are operating and compliant with data privacy rules and regulations, it's very important that your organization can demonstrate that efforts were done. An important question that will need to be answered, is if the individual’s personal data that is registered and saved in your organization, are also legitimate interests.
How to perform a Data Privacy Audit for SME's according to GDPR requirements?
GDPR Audit program consist for example of confirming the following activities:
- Data required for (description)
- How Data is collected/ Platform
- Where data is stored
- Source Of Data
- How long Data is retained/ tracked
- Security Of Data
- Data sharing info if app.
- Purpose test: are you pursuing a legitimate interest?
- Is Opt-out well?
Check out this MS Excel SME GDPR Data Privacy Audit form for your reference if your organization collects personal data directly from EU Citizens. It will help to do a quick gap analysis and check out this overview of mandatory documents required by the GDPR or GDPR Document Kit.
What is GDPR?
The EU General Data Protection Regulation came into place in 2018. The regulation, which replaces the 1995 Data Protection Directive, makes changes to the way data is handled and processed in the EU. It is a legal framework that sets the exact guidelines for the collection and processing of personal information from any individuals who live in the EU.
Why GDPR is also important for SME's outside the EU?
First of all, GDPR isn’t exclusively enforceable on EU-based companies. The regulation affects organizations both inside and outside of the European Union (EU). Any organization dealing with EU businesses, residents, or citizens’ data will have to comply with the GDPR! The regulations make it very clear that all organizations handling such data will be required to comply, regardless of location or jurisdiction.
Since the Regulation applies regardless of where the organization is based, you will also need to ensure your website is GDPR proof if that website attracts European visitors, even if you don't specifically market goods and/or services to EU citizens.
Articles 12, 13, and 14 of the GDPR provide detailed instructions on how to create a privacy notice, placing an emphasis on making them easy to understand and accessible. If you are collecting data directly from someone, you have to provide them with your privacy notice at the moment you do so.
If an organization is collecting information from an individual directly, it must include the following information in its privacy notice, such as the identity and contact details of the organization, its representative, and its Data Protection Officer (DPO). According to the GDPR, organizations must provide people with a privacy notice that is:
- In a concise, transparent, intelligible, and easily accessible form
- Written in clear and plain language, particularly for any information addressed specifically to a child
- Delivered in a timely manner
- Provided free of charge
The GDPR also stipulates what information an organization must share in a privacy notice. There is a slight variation in requirements depending on whether an organization collects its data directly from an individual or receives it as a third party. Whether the provision of personal data is part of a statutory or contractual requirement or obligation and the possible consequences of failing to provide the personal data.
Per Article 14(3), if you obtain personal data from a third party, you must communicate the above information to the data subject either: no later than one month after you have obtained the data, at the time you first communicate with the data subject, or before sharing the data with another organization.
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